A bidder determined by the
purchasing organization to meet the minimum
standards of business competence,
reputation, financial ability, and product
quality for placement on the bidders list. See
also: Responsible Bidder/Proposer/Offeror.
Qualified Products List (QPL)
A list of products
identified by manufacturers’ names and
model numbers that are the only items that
meet the minimum specifications as
determined by the using entity. These
products are used when quality is such a
critical factor and testing so lengthy or
expensive that the entity wants to stay with
Pertaining to or
concerning quality aspects. This
measurement tends to be more subjective in
nature and determines suitability or
effectiveness. For example: While the navyblue
color of this week’s shipment of motors
is slightly lighter in color, it will not affect its
performance and therefore this shipment is
still acceptable from a qualitative point of
1. In absolute terms, quality is a function of
excellence, intrinsic value, or grade, as
determined over time by society in general or
by designated bodies in specialized fields.
2. The composite of all attributes or
characteristics, including performance, that
satisfy a user’s needs.
3. Conformance with the stated requirements.
Quality Assurance (QA)
1. Assurance that quality performance criteria
contained within the contract is provided
during contract delivery.
2. A contract administration process that
assures technical performance that conforms
to the quality performance criteria.
3. Specific to technology, a planned and
systematic pattern of all actions necessary to
provide adequate confidence that the product
optimally fulfills customers’ expectations.
When a new technology product is introduced,
it may involve an alpha and beta testing.
Faults are identified and fixed before the
product is released commercially. See also:
Quality Assurance Team (Quality Circle)
cross-functional group of employees whose
mission is to validate and improve processes,
procedures, or policies, typically through
planning, observation, and inspection.